June 29, 2022

How to Stain Wood Furniture (Handyman’s Guide)


Photo: minwax.com

The process of coloring furniture is intimidating for many DIYers, as special tools and chemicals are involved, if, for example, you remove a coat of paint from the furniture you are restoring. (Words like “toxic” tend to appear frequently on the labels of paint stripper products.) But once you know how to stain furniture, you’ll want to tackle everything from your kitchen cabinets to the kitchen cabinet. angle of your great aunt Mabel. . Here is an overview:

Tools and materials

STEP 1: Getting started.

Remove the cabinet’s doors, drawers and hardware, as well as its feet, if they are removable. (Staining wood is much easier when working with manageable sized pieces). Next, clean the furniture to remove dust, dirt and grime, which impedes the stripping process. (If you stain a chair with a fabric seat pad, remove it or protect it with plastic and painter’s tape.) Be sure to cover the floor with drop cloth, newspapers, or plastic . And make sure the work area is well ventilated and away from typical family traffic.

STEP 2: Choose the right stripper.

Look for a good leave-in stripper. Many non-toxic varieties are available. Choose the one that suits your needs; different products exist to remove different types of finishes (paint, varnish, shellac and others). Read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions. In most cases, the stripper is applied with a brush and should be left to sit for a while.

STEP 3: Remove the old finish.

Once the stripper has set, use a scraper to remove the old finish. Do not try to force the problem by scratching too aggressively. It could damage the surface of the wood. When the finish has been completely removed, lightly sand the surface to lift the grain of the wood, making it more receptive to stain. Because sanding creates dust, remember to wipe down the part with a rag or tack cloth; also vacuum the area in which you are working.

STEP 4: Test the stain.

Choose your stain carefully and test it on a similar piece of wood or a small, inconspicuous part of the furniture. Since stain reacts differently to different types of wood, you may find that the color you liked on the sample ends up looking completely different when applied. The easiest product to use is a dye-polyurethane blend. If you are only using stain, it will be necessary to seal the finish with butcher’s wax, wood oil or some form of “poly” protective sealer.

STEP 5: Apply the new finish.

Once you have chosen a stain for your project, mix the stain well and apply it according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Start by brushing in a light, even coat. If the color looks dark, you can use a clean cloth to wipe off some of the excess before it gets in. If the color looks too light, wait until the stain is dry, then apply a second coat. Make sure you invest in a good brush with natural bristles and always work with the grain.